What is a toothache?
“Toothache” usually refers to pain around the teeth or jaws. In most instances, toothaches are caused by tooth or jaw problems, such as a dental cavity, a cracked tooth, an exposed tooth root, gum disease, disease of the jaw joint (temporo- mandibular joint or tmj), or spasms of the muscles used for chewing. The severity of a toothache can range from chronic and mild to sharp and excruciating. The pain may be aggravated by chewing or by cold or heat. A thorough oral examination, which includes dental x-rays, can help determine the cause, whether the toothache is coming from a tooth or jaw problem.
Sometimes, a toothache may be caused by a problem not originating from a tooth or the jaw. Pain around the teeth and the jaws can be symptoms of diseases of the heart (such as angina or heart attack), ears (such as inner or external ear infections), and sinuses (air passages of the cheek bones). For example, the pain of angina (inadequate supply of oxygenated blood to the heart muscle because of narrowing of the arteries to the heart) is usually located in the chest or the arm. However, in some patients with angina, a toothache or jaw pain are the only symptoms of their heart problem. Infections and diseases of the ears and sinuses can also cause pain around the teeth and jaws. Therefore, evaluations by both dentists and doctors are sometimes necessary to diagnose medical illnesses causing “toothache.”
What are dental causes of toothache?
Common causes of toothaches include dental cavities, dental abscess, gum disease, irritation of the tooth root, cracked tooth syndrome, temporomandibular disease (tmd), impaction, and eruption. These are all dental emergencies and you should call the dentist immediately so he can treat you right away.
At Morris Park Dental, we treat all dental emergencies, including:
- gum disease
- dental abscess
- mouth infection or tooth infection
- cavity (cavities)
- swollen mouth or swollen gums
- periodontitis or gum infection
- broken tooth or broken teeth
- cracked tooth or cracked teeth
- chipped tooth or chipped teeth
- broken denture repair
- missing tooth or missing teeth
- lost filling or loose filling
If you have a dental emergency in the Bronx that involves extreme pain due to a toothache, call us right away at (718) 377-6453, or click here to schedule an appointment.